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ⓘ Clarias



Clarias
                                     

ⓘ Clarias

Es troba des del Sud-est asiàtic i lÀsia Oriental fins a Àfrica, incloent-hi lÍndia i lÀsia Menor. Algunes de les seues espècies han estat introduïdes als Estats Units Florida, Indonèsia, Hong Kong, la Xina, Gran Bretanya, Papua Nova Guinea, Guam, Taiwan, Tailàndia i Cuba i han produït impactes negatius en llurs ecosistemes locals.

                                     

1. Taxonomia

  • Clarias sauteri Regan, 1908
  • Clarias ngamensis Castelnau, 1861
  • Clarias buthupogon Sauvage, 1879
  • Clarias dhonti Boulenger, 1920
  • Clarias fuscus Lacépède, 1803
  • Clarias pseudonieuhofii
  • Clarias longior Boulenger, 1907
  • Clarias leiacanthus Bleeker, 1851
  • Clarias tenuis Güntert, 1938
  • Clarias hilli Fowler, 1936
  • Clarias agboyiensis Sydenham, 1980
  • Clarias teijsmanni Bleeker, 1857
  • Clarias nebulosus Deraniyagala, 1958
  • Clarias macrocephalus Günther, 1864
  • Clarias intermedius
  • Clarias sulcatus Ng, 2004
  • Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822
  • Clarias cataractus Fowler, 1939
  • Clarias olivaceus Fowler, 1904
  • Clarias werneri Boulenger, 1906
  • Clarias submarginatus Peters, 1882
  • Clarias kapuasensis
  • Clarias albopunctatus Nichols & La Monte, 1953
  • Clarias cavernicola Trewavas, 1936
  • Clarias batu Lim & Ng, 1999
  • Clarias macromystax Günther, 1864
  • Clarias dussumieri Valenciennes, 1840
  • Clarias dayi Hora, 1936
  • Clarias gabonensis Günther, 1867
  • Clarias nigromarmoratus Poll, 1967
  • Clarias angolensis Steindachner, 1866
  • Clarias abbreviatus Valenciennes, 1840
  • Clarias salae Hubrecht, 1881
  • Clarias camerunensis Lönnberg, 1895
  • Clarias stappersii Boulenger, 1915
  • Clarias dumerilii Steindachner, 1866
  • Clarias laeviceps Gill, 1862
  • Clarias insolitus Ng, 2003
  • Clarias alluaudi Boulenger, 1906
  • Clarias theodorae Weber, 1897
  • Clarias pseudoleiacanthus
  • Clarias platycephalus Boulenger, 1902
  • Clarias lamottei Daget & Planquette, 1967
  • Clarias brachysoma Günther, 1864
  • Clarias nigricans Ng, 2003
  • Clarias batrachus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Clarias anguillaris Linnaeus, 1758
  • Clarias planiceps Ng, 1999
  • Clarias liocephalus Boulenger, 1898
  • Clarias anfractus Ng, 1999
  • Clarias microstomus Ng, 2001
  • Clarias engelseni Johnsen, 1926
  • Clarias ebriensis Pellegrin, 1920
  • Clarias maclareni Trewavas, 1962
  • Clarias jaensis Boulenger, 1909
  • Clarias meladerma Bleeker, 1846
  • Clarias nieuhofii Valenciennes, 1840
  • Clarias buettikoferi Steindachner, 1894
  • Clarias pachynema Boulenger, 1903
                                     

2. Bibliografia

  • Agnèse, J. F. i G. G. Teugels, 2001. Genetic evidence for monophyly of the genus Heterobranchus and paraphyly of the genus Clarias Siluriformes, Clariidae. Copeia 2001 núm. 2: 548-552.
  • Boulenger, G. A., 1903. Description of a new silurid fish of the genus Clarias from British Central Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History Series 7 v. 12 núm. 69: 362-363.
  • Burgess, W. E., 1989. An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes. A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City Estats Units. 784 p.
  • Agnèse, J. F. i G. G. Teugels, 2001. The Bathyclarias - Clarias species flock. A new model to understand rapid speciation in African Great lakes. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de lAkadémie des Sciences. Life Sci. Núm. 324: 683-688.
  • Boulenger, G. A., 1911. Description of a new African fish of the genus Clarias from Lake Rukwa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History Series 8 v. 8 núm. 43: 54.

Eschmeyer, W. N. Genera of Recent Fishes en anglès. iii + 697. Acadèmia de les Ciències de Califòrnia, 1990. ISBN 0-940228-23-8.

  • Wheeler, A., 1985. The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.
  • Sydenham, D. H. J. i O. F. Olawoye, 1981. A new species of Clarias from Nigeria Pisces, Clariidae. Revue de Zoologique Africaine v. 95 núm. 1: 234-244.
  • Teugels, G. G., 1982. A systematic outline of the African species of the genus Clarias Pisces ; Clariidae, with an annotated bibliography. Annales du Musee Royal de lAfrique Centrale Serie 8 Zoologie Núm. 236: 1-249.
  • Norman, J. R., 1925. A new siluroid fish of the genus Clarias from southwestern Uganda. Occasional Papers Society of Natural History Boston v. 5: 189-190, Pl. 11.
  • Hora, S. L., 1936: Siluroid fishes of India, Burma and Ceylon. VI. Fishes of the genus Clarias Gronovius. VII. Fishes of the genus Silurus Linnaeus. VIII. Fishes of the genus Callichrous Hamilton. Records of the Indian Museum Calcutta v. 38 pt 3: 347-361.
  • Teugels, G. G., 1982. Preliminary results of a morphological study of five African species of the subgenus Clarias Pisces ; Clariidae. Journal of Natural History. V. 16 núm. 3: 439-464.
  • Pellegrin, J., 1923. Présentation dun crâne de Clarias géant du Niger. Bulletin du Muséum National dHistoire Naturelle Série 1 v. 29 núm. 3: 211-213.
  • Ferraris, Carl J.: Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil Osteichthyes: Siluriformes, and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa, 1418. 8 de març del 2007. ISBN 9781869770587. PDF anglès
  • Nelson, J. S., 2006. Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech, 2000. Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall.
  • Jackson, P. B. N., 1955: A new fish of the genus Clarias Gronov. from Lake Nyasa, with notes on the distribution of the Clariidae and other catfishes in the lake. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London v. 125 pts 3-4: 681-684.
  • Eschmeyer, W. N. Catalog of Fishes en anglès. Acadèmia de les Ciències de Califòrnia, 1998. ISBN 978-0-940228-47-4.
  • Popta, C. M. L., 1919. Description of Clarias nigeriae n. sp. from the Wari, mouth of the Niger, West Africa. Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden v. 5: 4.
  • Teugels, G. G., 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias Pisces ; Clariidae. Annales du Musee Royal de lAfrique Centrale Zoologie Núm. 247: 1-199.
  • Teugels, G. G., 1982. Preliminary data of a systematic outline of the African species of the genus Clarias Pisces, Clariidae. Revue de Zoologique Africaine. V. 96 núm. 4: 731-748.
  • Helfman, G. S.; Collette, B. B.; Facey, D. E. The Diversity of Fishes en anglès. Blackwell Science, 1997. ISBN 9780865422568.
  • Teugels, G. G. i T. R. Roberts, 1987. Silurus anguilaris Linnaeus, 1758: designation as type species of Clarias Scopoli, 1777 and rediscovery of holotype Pisces: Clariidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. V. 90: 95-98.
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